What types of speech disorders and language disorders affect school-age children?

Q.Children may experience one or more of the following disorders:

• Speech sound disorders - (difficulty pronouncing sounds)

• Language disorders - (difficulty understanding what they hear as well as expressing themselves with words)

• Cognitive communication disorders - (difficulty with thinking skills including perception, memory, awareness, reasoning, judgment, intellect and imagination)

• Stuttering (fluency) disorders - (interruption of the flow of speech that may include hesitations, repetitions, prolongations of sounds or words)

• Voice disorders - (quality of voice that may include hoarseness, nasality, volume (too loud or soft)

Q.What is Tinnitus?

Tinnitus is an abnormal perception of a sound reported by a patient but is unrelated to an external source of stimulation.. It may be intermittent, constant or fluctuant, mild or severe, and may vary from a low roaring sensation to a high pitched type of sound. It may or may not be associated with a hearing loss. It is also classified further into subjective tinnitus (a noise perceived by the patient alone) or objective (a noise perceived by the patient as well as by another listener). Subjective tinnitus is common; however, objective tinnitus is relatively uncommon. The location of tinnitus may be in the ear(s) and/or in the head



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Dr. Murli Singh